Circular medallion portrait bust (template for medal) in boxwood of John of Leyden, leader of the Anabaptists of Münster; in profile with short hair and beard, wearing a flat cap, and chain around his neck suspending an orb with three swords issuing from it; inscribed.
This object was collected by Anselm von Rothschild and bequeathed to the British Museum by Ferdinand Anselm Rothschild.
Attributed to Hans Schwartz
What is it?
How big is it?
5.1 cm wide, 5.1 cm high, 0.6 cm deep, and it weighs 5g
Where is it?
London / The British Museum / Room 2A / Case 7i 5
Detailed Curatorial Notes
Provenance: Baron Anselm von Rothschild, Vienna, between 1866 and 1872 (cat no. 494).
Commentary: 'Jan Bockelson, called Jan van Leyden (c.1509 - 1536) was the self-appointed leader of the Anabaptists, a radical religious sect based in Münster, which expelled all Catholics and Lutherans from the town and established a form of theocracy, with Bockelson calling himself King. Bockelson and his associates were executed in January 1536; the cages, in which their bodies were subsequently suspended from the tower of St Lambert's church in Münster, can still be seen today.' (From 2005 label for Heinrich Aldegrever portrait of Jan van Leyden, BM 1886,0609.38)
The pendant suspended on a chain around Leiden's neck is an imperial orb pierced with two swords and surmounted by a cross, which was adopted by him for the arms of his kingdom, and also recorded in two contemporary depictions of him in the British Museum - 1886,0609.38 and 1868,0822.277. ( See J. Rowlands, 'Drawings by German Artists and Artists from German-speaking regions of Europe in the Department of Prints and Drawings at the British Museum: the Fifteeth Century, and the Sixteenth Century by Artists born before 1530', London, BM Press, 1993, no. 46.)
According to Habich 1929-34 there is a bronze version of the medal in the Schloss Wolfegg.
- Charles Hercules Read, 'The Waddesdon Bequest: Catalogue of the Works of Art bequeathed to the British Museum by Baron Ferdinand Rothschild, M.P., 1898', London, 1902, no. 242, fig.38
- O.M. Dalton, 'The Waddesdon Bequest', 2nd edn (rev), British Museum, London, 1927, no.242
- Georg Habich, Die Deutschen Schaumünzen des XVI Jahrhunderts, F Bruckmann, 1929-1935, Vol. I, I no.295 fig.61.
- Read 1902: Read, Charles Hercules, The Waddesdon Bequest. Catalogue of the Works of Art Bequeathed to the British Museum by Baron Ferdinand Rothschild, M.P., 1898, London, BMP, 1902
- Dalton 1927: Dalton, Ormonde Maddock, The Waddesdon Bequest : jewels, plate, and other works of art bequeathed by Baron Ferdinand Rothschild., London, BMP, 1927
- Habich: Habich
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